Program Information: MHSL-Psychology (116C)

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Member Site Information
APPIC Member Number: 1614
Program Type: Internship
Site: VA Medical Center, Salem
Department: MHSL-Psychology (116C)
Address: 1970 Roanoke Boulevard
Salem, Virginia 24153-6478
Country: United States
Metro Area: Not Applicable
Distance from Major City: next to Roanoke, VA
Phone: 540-982-2463x4188
Fax: 540-224-1957
Web Address:
Brochure Website's Address:
Primary Agency Type: Veterans Affairs Medical Center
Additional Agency Types:
  • Veterans Affairs Medical Center
Member of APPIC since: 1980
APA Accreditation Accredited
CPA Accreditation Not Accredited
Internship Staff/Faculty Information
Training Director & Lead / Director: Dana Holohan
Chief Psychologist: Brian Shenal
Number of Full-Time Licensed Doctoral Psychologists on Staff/Faculty 32
Number of Part-Time Licensed Doctoral Psychologists on Staff/Faculty 1
Position Information
Start Date: 07/20/2020
Number of Full Time Slots Expected Next Class: 4
Number of Part Time Slots Expected Next Class: 0
Full Time Annual Stipend for Next Class: 26166
Part Time Annual Stipend for Next Class: 0
Fringe Benefits: Dental Insurance, Health Insurance, Life Insurance, Professional Development Time, Sick Leave, Vacation
Other Fringe Benefits (not indicated above): Access to on site fitness center
Brief description of the typical work day for an intern at this training site Typical day includes supervision, as well as participation on one's minor rotation, major rotation, or long-term experience. Interns work diligently throughout the day, seeing a variety of patients with a range of mental health concerns. Interns are expected to use science to inform clinical work, monitor patient progress, learn a variety of EBPs, and efficiently evaluate and diagnose a range of problems. The expectation also is that interns leave at 430pm to ensure adequate work/life balance.
Does this site have practicum psychology students on site? Yes
Doctoral Psychology Practicum StudentsYes
Masters Psychology Practicum StudentsNo
Do Psychology Interns/Postdocs Have the Opportunity to Supervise Practicum Students?Yes
Is this program fully affiliated with one or more doctoral programs? No
Is this program partially affiliated with one or more doctoral programs? No
Internship Application Process
Accepting Applicants: Yes
Application Due Date: 11/15/2019 11:59 PM
Application Due Date Time Zone: Eastern Standard Time
This program uses the AAPI: Yes, with additions
An onsite interview is: Required
Interview notification date: 12/15/2019
Interview notification date time zone: Eastern Standard Time
Tentative interview date: 12/13/2019
Interview process description:

Three in  person interview dates are offered. Likely 12/13 12/16, and 1/9. Please rank order in your cover letter your preference for interview dates with 1 most preferred and 3 least preferred. Because we prioritize fit with our program in the match process, we do utilize in person interviews as the interview day is informative for both our program and the applicant. Applicants have told us the interview day is an exceptionally accurate representation of our program. Phone or VTEL interviews have rarely been offered under extenuating circumstances.

Interviews begin promptly at 8am and end at approximately 4pm. Group presentations are made in the morning, with applicants meeting in a group format with the Director of Training first. On site VA supervisors will present on their rotations and supervision style. Applicants will have lunch with our current interns. The afternoon includes three individual interviews (30 minutes each) and a facility tour with our current intern class. Applicants should rank their top six choices for on site Salem VA staff to meet with, starting with 1 being most preferred and 6 preferred. Rank lists should be included in the applicant's cover letter.

Applicants are normally notified by telephone by the Director of Training if they were accepted for an interview. Notification is on a rolling basis. 

How to obtain application info: Visit Website
Preferred method of contacting the program: Email the Program
We have matched with interns from these programs: We match with applicants from a wide range of schools. Match over the last several cycles have been from the following: Auburn University East Carolina University Central Michigan University University of New Mexico University of Virginia Ohio University San Diego State Gallaudet University University of Alabama-Tuscaloosa Bowling Green State University Southern Illinois University University of Missouri-St. Louis University of Arkansas-Fayetteville Western Michigan University University of Central Florida Duke University American University Ohio State University Indiana University-Purdue University-Indianapolis University of Tulsa Virginia Commonwealth University Purdue University University of Louisville Northern Illinois University University of Pittsburgh University of Maryland University of North Carolina-Greensboro University of Washington-St Louis University of Alabama-Birmingham Washington State University Virginia Polytechnic and State University University of Pennsylvania Loma Linda University University of Kansas Spalding University University of Arizona Indiana State University NOVA Southeastern University West Virginia University University of Wyoming University of South Dakota University of Texas at Austin Binghamton University University of Memphis University of South Carolina Loyola College of Maryland Penn State University Texas Women's University Texas A&M University
Internship Applicant Requirements
US Citizenship Required: Yes
Canadian Citizenship Required: No
Masters Degree Required: No
Comprehensive Exams Passed: Yes, by start of internship
Dissertation Proposal Approved: Yes, by start of internship
Dissertation Defended: No
Minimum Number of AAPI Intervention Hours: 350
Minimum Number of AAPI Assessment Hours:
Minimum Number of Years of Grad Training Required:
Accepted / Not-Accepted Program Types
Clinical Psychology Accepted
Counseling Psychology Accepted
School Psychology Not Accepted
APA-Accredited Accepted
CPA-Accredited Accepted
PCSAS-Accredited Accepted
Non-Accredited Not Accepted
Ph.D Degree Accepted
Psy.D. Degree Accepted
Ed.D. Degree Not Accepted
This institution, department, internship, or postdoctoral program requires trainees to sign a statement about personal behavior and/or religious beliefs as a condition of admission and/or retention in the program: No
How to obtain text of statement:
Other Requirements: Applicants must be US citizens. Subject to drug screens. Match is contingent on background check. Fingerprints and additional federal forms are required for such. See additional requirements for VA internships at (TB tests, other vaccinations, flu shot).
Program Description

The Salem VAMC offers a generalist program in clinical psychology with a strong cognitive-behavioral orientation. We adhere to a scientist-practitioner model. The focus of our training programs is TRAINING and we use a developmental model for supervision. Major rotations (4-6 months) occur for 3 days/week. A rotation in Evidence-Based Psychotherapy is required. Behavioral Medicine/Primary Care, Substance Abuse, Neuropsychology, Geropsychology, and PTSD major rotations are elective. Minor rotations are varied in experience and length. Interns spend approximately 1 day/week on their minor rotations. Examples of on and off-site minors include: Acute Psychiatry, Sport Psychology, Administration, Neuropsychology, Geropsychology, Consulting Psychology, Military Sexual Trauma, SMI (PRRC), Combat Trauma, Chronic Pain, Children and Adolescents, Behavioral Medicine, Primary Care Psychology, Forensics, Substance Abuse, Program Development and Evaluation, EAP, and Research. A long-term experience is also selected for the entire year. Some options include: DBT, MI/MET, Memory Assessment, Administration, CPT. Although we are a generalist program, we do also adhere to the Houston guidelines for training neuropsychologists. Extensive didactic trainings are an important component of the internship. Didactics occur weekly for approximately 1.5 hours. Seminars on independent practice issues, assessment, ethics and legal issues, diversity, working with personality disorders, self-care of the therapist, pain management, exposure therapy, supervision, motivational interviewing, and supervision. Research is encouraged and publication opportunities are available. Collegial, warm, supportive atmosphere. We focus on creating a balanced life, which integrates personal and professional interests and activities. Time is provided weekly to facilitate intern relationships. Significant focus on dissertation completion, professional development, and employment search. Our beautiful location in SW Virginia's Blue Ridge Mountains offers numerous recreational and cultural activities. Safe environment, good schools, slower pace of life, great restaurants, wonderful hiking. The area is affordable and there is something for everyone's living preferences, including city/urban living (e.g., loft style apartments downtown), suburban (houses or apartment complexes with many amenities), and more rural options (e.g., farmhouse) all within a short driving distance. Nearby Universities include Virginia Tech, Roanoke College, Hollins and Radford.

Internship Training Opportunities


Children: Yes
Adolescents: Yes
Adults: Yes
Older Adults: Yes
Inpatients: Yes
Outpatients: Yes
Gay/lesbian/bisexual/transgender: Yes
Ethnic minorities: Yes
International Students:
Rural: Yes
Urban: Yes
Low income: Yes
Homelessness: Yes

Treatment Modalities

Assessment: EXPOSURE (1% to 20%)
Individual Therapy: Major Area of Study (50% or Greater)
Couples Therapy: EXPOSURE (1% to 20%)
Family Therapy:
Group Therapy: EMPHASIS (31% to 49%)
Community Intervention: EXPOSURE (1% to 20%)
Consultation/Liaison: EMPHASIS (31% to 49%)
Crisis Intervention: EXPERIENCE (21% to 30%)
Brief Psychotherapy: Major Area of Study (50% or Greater)
Long-term Psychotherapy: EXPOSURE (1% to 20%)
Cognitive Rehabilitation: EXPERIENCE (21% to 30%)
Primary Care: Major Area of Study (50% or Greater)
Evidenced Based Practice: Major Area of Study (50% or Greater)
Evidence Based Research: EXPOSURE (1% to 20%)
Supervision of Practicum students : EXPOSURE (1% to 20%)


Health Psychology: Major Area of Study (50% or Greater)
Women's Health: EXPERIENCE (21% to 30%)
HIV/AIDS: EXPOSURE (1% to 20%)
Eating Disorders: EXPOSURE (1% to 20%)
Sexual Disorders: EXPOSURE (1% to 20%)
Sports Psychology: EXPERIENCE (21% to 30%)
Rehabilitation Psychology: EXPOSURE (1% to 20%)
Physical Disabilities:
Learning Disabilities: EXPOSURE (1% to 20%)
Developmental Disabilities:
Assessment: EXPOSURE (1% to 20%)
Neuropsychology-Adult: Major Area of Study (50% or Greater)
Serious Mental Illness: EXPERIENCE (21% to 30%)
Anxiety Disorders: Major Area of Study (50% or Greater)
Trauma/PTSD: Major Area of Study (50% or Greater)
Sexual Abuse: Major Area of Study (50% or Greater)
Substance Use Disorders: Major Area of Study (50% or Greater)
Forensics/Corrections: EXPERIENCE (21% to 30%)
Sexual Offenders: EXPOSURE (1% to 20%)
Geropsychology: Major Area of Study (50% or Greater)
Counseling: Major Area of Study (50% or Greater)
Vocational/Career Development:
Multicultural Therapy:
Feminist Therapy:
Empirically-Supported Treatments: Major Area of Study (50% or Greater)
Public Policy/Advocacy:
Program Development/Evaluation: EXPERIENCE (21% to 30%)
Supervision: EXPERIENCE (21% to 30%)
Research: EXPERIENCE (21% to 30%)
Administration: EXPERIENCE (21% to 30%)
Integrated health care - primary: Major Area of Study (50% or Greater)
Integrated health care - specialty: EMPHASIS (31% to 49%)

Additional information about training opportunities: Not all rotations or experiences may be available at all consortium sites, and some internship programs may not have updated this information recently. Please consult the program's web site or other application materials for a complete description of the training opportunities available at each site.

Summary of the Characteristics of the Specified Internship Class
2017-2018 2018-2019 2019-2020
Number of Completed Applications: 92 120 72
Number of applicants invited for interviews: 47 51 46
Total number of interns: 4 4 5
Total number of interns from APA/CPA accredited programs: 4 4 5
Total number of interns from Ph.D. programs: 4 4 4
Total number of interns from Psy.D. programs: 0 0 1
Total number of interns from Ed.D. programs: 0 0 0
Number of interns that come from a Clinical Psychology program 4 4 5
Number of interns that come from a Counseling Psychology program 0 0 0
Number of interns that come from a School Psychology program 0 0 0
Range of integrated assessment reports: lowest number of reports written 5 7 11
Range of integrated assessment reports: highest number of reports written 173 38 143
Summary of Post Internship Employment Settings of Each Internship Class
2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019
Working on dissertation/Student: 1 0 0
Postdoctoral Fellow: 3 4 2
Community Mental Health Center: 0 0 0
Health Maintenance Organization: 0 0 0
Veteran's Affairs Medical Center: 1 4 3
Military Medical Center: 0 0 0
Private General Hospital: 0 0 1
General Hospital: 0 0 0
Other Medical Center: 3 0 0
Private Psychiatric Hospital: 0 0 0
State/County/Other Public Hospital: 0 0 0
Correctional Facility: 0 0 0
School District/System: 0 0 0
University Counseling Center: 0 0 0
University Teaching Faculty: 0 0 0
2 or 4 year Undergraduate Teaching Position: 0 0 0
Medical School: 0 0 0
Academic Non-Teaching Position: 0 0 0
Research Position: 0 0 0
Independent Practice: 0 0 0
Other (e.g. consulting): 0 0 0
Not Currently Employed: 0 0 0
Changed to Other Career Field: 0 0 0
Unknown: 0 0 0